Categorizing Addiction

Level 1

Recreational teenage/young adult use 


Poor sleep habits


Poor grades 


New questionable friends 


Successful solutions:  

Intervention by family, school officials, or clergy  

Professional counseling 

Engagement in the various applicable programs offered by the state of Tennessee  

Level 2

Functioning addicts- employed/insured and uninsured  


Poor sleep habits 

Less interested in family events 

Less interested in spouse and children  


Failure to keep schedule and commitments

Unexplained expenditures of money  

Changing the direction in a functioning addict’s life is far more economical and cost effective than waiting for them to become nonfunctional. It is only a matter of time before they become non-functioning. After work programs can stop this person from sliding further down this path of addiction.  

Successful solutions: 

Fear of punitive penalties for future drug use by the courts or employer 

Regular drug testing and/or municipal drug recovery court supervision 

Counseling to determine “root cause” for addictive behavior 

Encouraging addict to develop a new circle of friends 

Encouraging the family structure and proper family life   

Present facilities throughout the country offer a plethora of programs for this demographic. Presently, municipal drug and rehabilitation courts are doing some excellent work with this category of addicts. Private facilities funded from insurance proceeds offer many excellent opportunities for this group.  

Level 3

Non-functioning addicts/ uninsured or no deductible monies available 


Compromised family life 

Separation or divorce from spouse 

High child support payments

Shunned by blood relatives such as parents, grandparents, and siblings for their bad behavior 

The beginning of criminal activity to fund their behavior


Successful solutions   

We need to accept and recognize facts that are common knowledge to those people who work with these individuals. The first thing one needs to accept is that we need to stop thinking that halfway houses or indigent ministry type housing is a plan of action. As well intended as this may be, it is not a plan of action and only enables the addict to continue to be unaccountable. Accountability is the cornerstone of any successful program that will actually break the addict’s cycle of addiction. We need to recognize that very few persons are able to break their cycle of addiction in less than one year and without some help from an outside source.  We desperately need to stop the ridiculous practice of large insurance payments for the first month or two of an addict’s treatment and then no coverage thereafter. Coverage should be spread out over a period of one year and the addict should be required to participate in a state certified facility. These large insurance payments in the first month are responsible for the scurrilous practice of “patient brokering” and financially incentivizes persons willing to turn the addict into a vehicle for possible insurance fraud. All 501(c)3 nonprofit programs that have become state certified should share the same opportunities for a per diem housing allowance as civil or municipal drug courts. Encourage all state certified and municipal drug courts to subscribe the patient into a “patient facilitation” service in an effort to get noninsured persons into an insured category. These “patient facilitation” services would have strict guidelines and be regulated by the state of Tennessee to stop any “patient brokering”. Continue to complete and activate the 80/10/10 program. Immediately fund a per diem escrow for complete rehabilitation year-long programs. Immediately proceed with the 3/16 program for facility construction.  

Level 4

Violent addicts  


No regard for other human life 

Involved in serious crimes such as robbery and home invasion 


Successful solution 

Programs and initiatives while Incarcerated. Prisons will offer substance abuse programs, domestic violence classes and therapy, anger management, etc.